Produced Water Treatment

Produced water has become a global environmental issue due to its huge volume and toxicity that may pose detrimental effects on receiving environment. The disposal of produced water during petroleum exploitation is known to cause serious environmental damage. In order to reduce the negative impact caused by produced water, it is necessary to perform a water treatment before disposing it into the environment.

Over tens of years, produced water treatment technologies have progressed from conventional processes to the most sophisticated methods of separation. Large tanks were used as the first attempt at gravity separation but were inefficient and required much space. As the industry matured, utilizing only a gravitation process with an adequate number of retention time tanks became difficult in the limited space available. Some technologies took strides toward improvement after that to enhance separation capability while decreasing the overall footprint of the equipment.